Table of Contents

  1. The history of web
    1. Web 1.0
    2. Web 2.0
    3. Web 3.0
  2. Web 3.0 — defining features
    1. AI and ML
    2. Ubiquity
    3. Semantic web
  3. How will web 3.0 change web development?
    1. It will enhance peer-to-peer connectivity
    2. It will become more personalized
    3. It will become future-proof
    4. It will open accessibility to data
  4. What’s to come next — web 4.0

Originally coined in 2014, web 3.0 is officially here.

Even with its relative youth, already 81% of users believe it will improve their quality of life and generally make them happier.

What is web 3.0, what the evolution of the web looked like, and how it will influence the future of web development?

The history of web

Web 1.0

Tim Berners-Lee — the man, the myth, the legend. He was the one who, in the fall of 1990, implemented three foundations the modern web is basing itself on:

  • HTML
  • HTTP

In the middle of the 90s, the introduction of web browsers like Netscapes opened the window for Web 1.0. Industry professionals refer to it as a read-only or Syntactic web. It was mostly aimed at consuming content in the form of text and/or pictures, and was largely used by web developers.

The era of web 1.0 lasted from 1994 to 2001.

Web 2.0

Known as a social web, web 2.0 is the internet as we know it. It was revolutionized by the introduction of social media and user-generated content. One of the key points in its development was the spread of smartphones and mobile internet connection. These allowed the now-giants like Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram to grow and attract new users fast. This was the time when so-called FAANG companies saw incredible auditorium, popularity, and revenue growth.

Web 3.0

The disruptive potential within web 3.0, or semantic web, can only be compared to the one of its predecessor. It is built on the concepts of openness, decentralization, and great user utility. Enhanced with AI and ML, web 3.0 analyzes and distributes data according to every user’s personal needs and preferences.

One of the main differences between web 2.0 and 3.0 is decentralization. Now, apps don’t need to be stored on a singular server or in data storage. Web 3.0 is built around blockchains — decentralized peer-to-peer nodes. Its protocols heavily rely on NFTs and cryptocurrencies and rewards anyone who participates in the development of crypto with tokens.

There is also no centralized kill switch, which ensures that the future of the web is less censored and regulated.

Web 3.0 — defining features

AI and ML

AI and ML are making their way into the web

A deeper implementation of AI and ML will allow web 3.0 to seem almost intuitive. The technologies will make the internet adaptable and flexible to every user’s preferences. It is expected that computer and internet technologies will be able to understand and process information similarly to humans (thanks to aforementioned semantic web).

AI and ML will help the internet produce more accurate results faster, which can help speed up different researches and the development of the web itself.


Being even more all-encompassing — this is the true meaning of ubiquitous web. And while the internet is already quite ubiquitous — a user can capture an image, shoot a video, or record audio, and in a matter of seconds, share it with people from all around the world — web 3.0 is expected to take it even further.

With IoT on the rise, users will always be online and connected to essential services. This way, web 3.0 will not be dependent on smartphones or laptops and will be everywhere and at any time — the true meaning of ubiquity.

Semantic web

Decoding messages and user communication not by what is said, but by how it is said.

With 92% of modern internet users using emojis and emoticons daily, even web communication becomes non-verbal. Semantic web is run by technologies able to understand and decode user-to-user communication, further enhancing the quality of every user’s online experience.

How will web 3.0 change web development?

It will enhance peer-to-peer connectivity

Better peer to peer connectivity will become a reality

Peer-to-peer connectivity will provide developers, machines, and businesses with the ability to share data directly with a regular level of security and privacy, if not higher. Web developers will connect, communicate and cooperate almost instantly, which will make web development faster and better synced.

It will become more personalized

Web 3.0 will allow individual users and even businesses of various sizes to take part in creating content for private and public projects. There will also be no need for governing bodies which will ensure swift and secure information transfer.

As a result of all the changes, web development will become more personalized. Making changes and developing solutions required by businesses will be much easier. We may even go as far as to predict a boom in the web development industry in the near future.

It will become future-proof

As the developers’ dependency on regulations and centralized solutions will decrease, the longevity of these solutions may skyrocket. After all, web developers will be free to update their code whenever needed. They will be able to keep up with the time, personalize, and overall make their code future-proof.

It will open accessibility to data

Data-data-data! Web 3.0 ubiquity will make it much more accessible. As a result, the development will become simpler to study, understand, and yield the expected results from.

What’s to come next — web 4.0

What awaits the web in the future?

While the fourth generation of internet is only waiting for us, we can already predict what it will most likely be like. It will:

  1. Be based on collaboration and collective content creation.
  2. Rely on IoT even more.
  3. Allow users to select the content they want to see, making customer experience even more personalized.
  4. Bring innovation to segments like web development, businesses development, education, and medicine.
  5. Enhance AL and ML technologies.

While we do not know what web 4.0 will do to the internet, we know for sure — web 3.0 is already causing a revolution in web development.

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Anna Shevtsova by Anna Shevtsova
on October 11, 2022.

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